When it comes to international sales of goods, the possibility of breaches of contract is always present. A breach of contract occurs when one party fails to fulfill the obligations outlined in a contract. In the case of international sales of goods, breach of contract can be a complex and tricky problem to resolve. In this article, we will discuss the remedies available to sellers when dealing with a breach of contract for international sale of goods.

1. Termination of the Contract:

One of the most common remedies for a breach of contract is to terminate it and hold the buyer liable for any damages incurred by the seller as a result of the breach. In order to terminate the contract, the seller must provide written notice to the buyer outlining the reason for the termination.

2. Specific Performance:

In certain cases, termination of the contract may not be enough to compensate the seller for the losses incurred as a result of the breach. In such cases, the seller may request specific performance, which is essentially a court order requiring the buyer to fulfill their obligations under the contract.

3. Damages:

Damages are another common remedy for a breach of contract. In international sales of goods, damages may include compensatory damages, which are meant to compensate the seller for any losses incurred as a result of the breach, such as lost profits or additional expenses incurred as a result of the breach. In addition, the seller may also seek punitive damages, which are meant to punish the buyer for their breach of contract.

4. Liquidated Damages:

In some cases, the contract may contain a provision for liquidated damages. This is an agreed-upon amount of damages that the buyer must pay if they breach the contract. The advantage of this remedy is that it is pre-determined and saves time and legal costs that would be incurred in calculating actual damages.

5. Force Majeure:

In situations where the breach of contract is due to unforeseeable circumstances beyond the control of the buyer or seller, such as war or natural disasters, the parties may be able to rely on force majeure clauses to excuse non-performance. If such a clause is present in the contract, the affected party may be able to suspend or terminate the contract without being held liable for damages.


In conclusion, international sales of goods can be complex and often entail the risk of breach of contract. Sellers need to be aware of their rights and the remedies available to them in case of a breach. The remedies discussed above are just a few examples of the options sellers have in such situations. It is always recommended that sellers seek the advice of a legal expert experienced in international trade law to ensure that they are well-informed and can take the appropriate action to protect their interests.